KVK Murshidabad works under the administrative control of West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Science. It was established on 2nd January, 1995 vide west Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences Act-1995 to impart education, training and to conduct research in veterinary and animal sciences, dairy sciences and fishery science and also to cater the needs of the farming community of the state of West Bengal. During this period the university has been recognized as one of the leading institutions of the country to uplift the socio-economical status of farmers. The hallmark of the University has been the development of human resources to meet the requirements of the society and to promote the socio-economic development of the region. The university has been engaged in commendable task of improving the research infrastructure to develop cutting edge technologies for improved management of animal and fishery resources, disease problems, nutrients, water resources and environment. Significant achievement has been made to improve the research activities with the fund made available from State and Central Governments and Non-Government organizations. There are three faculties in this university viz. (A) Faculty of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, (B) faculty of Dairy Technology and (C) Faculty of Fishery Sciences. The research, extension and farm activities of the University are organized through the Directorate of Research, Extension & Farms of the University. Various research programmes have been running since 1995 under the aegis of the said Directorate.
Livestock keeping is most common popular practice in the rural areas of West Bengal among the poor people. It is the integral part of the farming system and finds multiple uses for milk, meat, skins, etc. Livestock rearing in India is mainly practiced as a backyard production system wherein the farmers traditionally rear a few livestock specially for meeting the household requirement. It is an important means of income and employment and helps to alleviate poverty and smooth income distribution. In addition livestock asset can be easily converted into cash, and thus as cushion against shocks of crops failure particularly in the less favorable environment. There is a tremendous scope of promotion their backyard livestock keeping in India into commercial micro enterprises. Apart from rearing of livestock, the livestock based industry has vast scope of generating additional income and employment through its various allied enterprises such as the commercial livestock rearing units, livestock input industry, livestock product processing units and organic livestock production units which can be harnessed for increasing employment and income in the rural areas. These are to be developed through training intervention which aimed at providing basic technical and entrepreneual skill to the rural farmers and unemployed youths.