কৃষি বিজ্ঞান কেন্দ্র মুর্শিদাবাদ

West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences
Milebasa(Digha), Kalukhali, Bhagwangola-I



Jute is one of the major crops in Murshidabad district and a large number of ponds, shallow beels are used during July to September for jute retting. During this time fish culture is unsuitable because water quality get deteriorated. Native freshwater species are also lose their breeding and nursery ground.  Different types of aquatic weed infested throughout this water bodies. Traditional fish farmers had to be contended with very low yields of fish from such water bodies. Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Murshidabad came up with a solution to such problem. It held meetings and discussed the possibility of introducing non-conventional fish sp. and thereby improving the yield levels. It began the intervention with five farmers from five different villages. They are Mr. Madhab Sarkar (Dakshin Basudebpore), Milton Sk (Kanapukur), Mainuddin Sk (Dahapara), Piware Islam (Milebasa) and Harun Al Rasid (Kanapukur).

Pangas (Pangasius pangasius) is a hardy species and can withstand wide fluctuation of temperature, salinity and turbidity. It feeds on offals, gastropods, insects, planktons and other vegetable matter. This is an air-breathing fishes.  As it is a hardy species and withstands very low oxygen level, it is suitable for culturing in sewage-fed ponds and shallow waters. KVK organized training programmes on the pond site itself and educated the farmers about rearing Pangas. After jute retting is over, pond water is stabilized for 2-3 weeks. Thereafter pond preparation for fish stocking begins. 

Now, these farmers are successfully culturing Pangas in pond after retting of jute. When they cultured IMC in jute retting ponds the average production was 2.1 q/ha/ year. But now they produce average 5.6 q/ha/year through this techniques. The net income from IMC was Rs. 21,000/ ha / year but at present the net income went up to Rs. 47,600.00 ha / year. Several other fish farmers got motivated and they utilized their unused water bodies by culturing Pangas fish with seeds provided from Murshidabad KVK Eco-hatchery .