Success story on Vanaraja Breed, Animal Science
Backyard Poultry Farming Specially Vanraja Breed
The population of Murshidabad District is primarily Muslim in nature. There is a huge demand for animal meat and its product due to their non-vegetarian dietary habit. Generally they prefer local non-descript birds meat and egg (brown celled) as a second choice just after beef. But low egg production and lesser weight gain is the major problem in local non-descript birds. As the need of people, high producing poultry bird (Vanaraja breed) has been introduced as a suitable alternative to local non-descript poultry for rearing under backyard system. The introduction of new variety backyard poultry was carried out by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Murshidabad through FLD programmes including training.
Fifteen farmers from different villages of Murshidabad district were selected for FLD programmes and sixty farmers had participated in need based skill development training on backyard poultry farming. Those fifteen farmers are still continuing their small farm and three progressive farmers Md. Samayun Ali, Kausar Ali and Mr. Bibek Sarkar respectively from Ishapur, Gudhia and Bamunia villages started this enterprise on commercial scale as an alternative for profitable poultry farming after seeing the performance of that birds under FLD programme and training also from KVK’s Animal Science expert.
Extension Activities by KVK, Murshidabad:
Periodical visits of KVK officials were made to beneficiaries units for health check-up, vaccination programme as well as to collect information on growth performance and egg production of Vanaraja breed. Two exposure visit programmes were organized by KVK to encourage the worth of the technology for farmers.
Economics and Farmers’ feedback:
Their farm capacity is 500, 350 and 200 numbers of Vanaraja birds and among them 300, 230 and 140 number of female with the age of 14 months, 12 months and 11 months respectively. They could produce 3125 eggs/month, 2396 eggs/month and 1450 eggs/month respectively in comparison to local non-descript birds (60-65 eggs/bird/year) and sold among neighbor village women farmers and also in market @ Rs. 5-5.50/egg. The market price of that live male bird is Rs. 130 per kg which is average 2.7 kg body weight/bird in comparison to local non-descript birds (10.2 Kg/bird). Preferably village women are interested to hatch that fertile egg by local non-descript hen due their broodiness. Now, approx 23 numbers of farmers have inspired for this less capital intensive and sustainable economic returns and livelihood oriented enterprise in the district.
Feed back of farmers are faster growth of birds, more number of large sized eggs, survive well under low input system, resistance to most of the diseases as like as non descript birds, requires small space and minimum labour investment.